Lives Built By Christ
by Steve Zeisler
Last Friday evening in the Lillehammer Olympics, Katarina Witt skated a
program that honored the Sarajevo Olympics of 1984. She used the poignant
song Where Have All the Flowers Gone? in her routine. It reminded
those who were watching of the earlier games, which were as grand, marvelous,
beautiful, and charming as this year's winter Olympics have been. The city
of Sarajevo itself just a decade ago was a beautiful place filled with happy
people. Its ancient buildings had been there for centuries. It was a place
with a long history and much to commend it in every way. Of course, the
horror now is to see destruction where there was once beauty.
It is much easier to destroy something beautiful and worthy than to build
it. In Israel in recent years Arabs and Israelis have put much effort into
reaching out hands to one another, each trusting those they feared to trust,
and building a fragile bridge for the possibility of friendship and mutual
respect. But the bridge has been torched by one man with a gun in Hebron,
destroying lives and setting suspicion aflame.
Building a Sturdy Home
The word meaning to build up is at the heart of our passage in Romans 14-15.
The Greek verb oikodomeo and noun oikodome are used. These
are forms of an architectural term that was used of physically constructing
a house or some other type of building. We are to visualize the building
of a home, a place of beauty, safety, purity, and intimacy. And the passage
will say we are to build up one another, each of us part of the great temple
that God is building. Peter speaks of a temple that is being built with
living stones (1 Peter 2:5). So we can picture our Lord as a master Architect,
creating a building that is beautiful and that will attract others to it,
a building that will last.
A building that will be secure and life-giving must be built over time;
this cannot happen quickly. It is significant how long Paul extends his
argument about believers' doing the hard work of loving one another, understanding
one another, including people who are different from us, and living in unity.
He doesn't simply make the point and move on. He argues it again and again
in various settings. He repeats himself because this is hard business. Christian
unity is easily faked, but it isn't easily achieved. As in the story of
the three little pigs, it's easy enough to put up a straw house that does
you no good. But building a house that will last and that has value is something
that takes work. Romans 14:19-20:
Let us therefore make every effort to do what leads to peace
and to mutual edification. Do not destroy the work of God for the sake of
The term edification means to build something, just as an edifice is of
course a building. The idea of edification here is not so much teaching
information. Paul talks about building up a life, seeing character formed;
and mutual edification, each of us contributing to the others and being
part of the plan of God that creates something beautiful and lasting in
the others' lives. Peace allows for the building process to succeed. After
the destructiveness of war peace creates the possibility of restoration.
The word destroy in verse 20 is different from the word translated destroy
that we saw in verse 15. This word means to specifically tear something
down: We are not to tear down the work of God for the sake of food. It is
the opposite of building up. So Paul is speaking of a tension that exists.
God intends to build something, and we may choose to serve him in that process;
but if we are not careful we can tear down what he is building. How foolish
to let something as inconsequential as the eating habits or the worship
habits of others, their sensitivities, the way they go about life, or whatever
their differences in Christ, be an excuse for us to destroy what God intends
The Question of Motivation
All food is clean, but it is wrong for a man to eat anything
that causes someone else to stumble. It is better not to eat meat or drink
wine or to do anything else that will cause your brother to fall.
This is a long discussion. Verses 1-18 talk about the issues of who was
free to eat meat or not, drink wine or not, and worship on Saturday or Sunday
or some other holy day. All of those were sources of tension in the first-century
church. Most of us have not experienced anything as wide as the gulf or
as painful as the suspicion that existed between Jews and Gentiles in the
early church. There had been mutual antagonism from long before the Roman
period. Jews were isolated unto themselves. They rejected the Gentile world
and its influence, and the Gentiles in return rejected the Jews and treated
them with suspicion. Now they were in church together, and the requirement
was to love each other rather than let the little things in which they were
different drive them apart. Verses 17 and 18 are a crescendo in the argument:
"For the kingdom of God is not a matter of eating and drinking, but
of righteousness, peace and joy in the Holy Spirit, because anyone who serves
Christ in this way is pleasing to God and approved by men."
So whatever you believe about these things keep between yourself and God.
Blessed is the man who does not condemn himself by what he approves. But
the man who has doubts is condemned if he eats, because his eating is not
from faith; and everything that does not come from faith is sin.
In verse 19 Paul makes the unambiguous statement that all food is clean.
There is nothing in creation that is, in and of itself, foul. No spiritual
taint attaches itself to anything that could be considered food or drink.
There is no place on earth that is unclean. There is no kind of clothing
that is ritually unclean and damnable. There is nothing as it exists in
creation that we need to fear for its own sake.
But Paul goes on to make the point that just knowing this is not enough.
Remember the way the detective in the old Dragnet series, Joe Friday,
would call for, "Just the facts, Ma'am." But just knowing the
fact that all food is clean does not mean that we know how to live. Just
hearing the announcement of freedom does not mean that we know how to exercise
Convictions and Conscience
So he brings before us two people. Verse 22 speaks of the first one, someone
who must not make his brother stumble by the exercise of his freedom. "Blessed
is the man who does not condemn himself by what he approves" is the
conclusion Paul draws about this person. The first sentence of verse 22
is very badly translated in the New International Version, which says, "So
whatever you believe about these things keep between yourself and God."
It sounds as if you are supposed to keep your beliefs a secret. But that
cannot be what Paul means, because he himself has just spent all of chapter
14 and will spend a fair amount of chapter 15 teaching his own convictions
about freedom, weakness, strength, and so on. A better way to understand
his thought here is, "Make up your own mind, have your own convictions;
but form them before the face of God. Invite God into the decision-making
process as to what you will do about these matters." Verse 22 again:
"Whatever you believe about these things have as your conviction between
yourself and God."
For example, if you have decided that you will wear clothing to church that
is completely different from your normal attire and different from everyone
else's around you---perhaps cut-offs and a ripped T-shirt---go to God with
that decision before you enter the church. Why have you made such a choice?
You're free to do this; God doesn't care what you wear to church. He isn't
offended by cut-offs and a T-shirt. But the question is, why are you doing
what you are doing? You need to invite the living God into your decision-making
That is why Paul says at the end of verse 22 that the man is blessed who
does not in what he is free to do act in a way that ultimately condemns
him for it. It is sin to exercise our freedom if it hurts a brother or sister.
The action may not be wrong, but the way you did it, the reason you did
it, or the timing of the thing was wrong. To take something that is completely
good and find ourselves affronting God with it is a genuine tragedy. If
we are going to offend God, we might as well do it with something that is
offensive, not something that is completely good. That is a great foolishness.
The second person Paul talks about appears in verse 23: "But the man
who has doubts is condemned if he eats, because his eating is not from faith;
and everything that does not come from faith is sin." This is a person
who has heard the words of Romans 14 that nothing in and of itself is unclean,
as the apostle has argued. This brother or sister has grasped these things
intellectually and on some level acknowledges that it must be so because
the person telling them is an authority. But in their conscience they haven't
been able to grasp it yet. Their inner person still believes that acting
in this manner would offend God. If you violate your conscience in order
to have the approval of your circle of friends then it is sin, even though
what you are doing in itself isn't wrong. In that case what God discovers
by looking at your motives is that you would be willing to shake your fist
at him in order to have the approval of people, and that is wrong. Whatever
cannot be done from faith is sin, even when the act itself is a good thing,
because your conscience hasn't been formed around the truth yet. You cannot
do it with your head held high.
What all of this does is highlight the importance of asking not just what
people are doing but why are they doing it. To have unity in Christ, therefore,
is hard work, because just seeing the events and the circumstances themselves
has not told us enough. We are required further to look at our own motives
and to understand the inner world of the person next to us. That is why
the building is so hard to get up, why it takes endurance and hope. That
is why it takes the example of Christ.
Changing Over Time
An illustration of this occurred when I came to PBC in the fall of 1967.
I had become a Christian through the ministry of Young Life, a parachurch
youth organization that functions primarily on campuses, not in religious
settings. They seek non-Christian teens and share the gospel with them.
I had grown up in very liberal, lifeless churches. I had never felt that
I had any experience with God in those settings. Then someone shared Christ
with me in my high school years and it was wonderful and freeing. I joined
a wonderful circle of Christian friends. We studied the Bible, sang songs,
and traveled and worked together. In contrast, in the church I attended
occasionally in high school, we read poems of spiritual anguish and little
else. That's the only thing I can remember from that youth group.
By the time I came here for college, my inner sense was that churches were
dangerous, and that real Christianity happened in parachurch organizations.
It had been nineteen hundred years since Jesus died, and the church was
an anachronism that we had outgrown. When I first got here I went to Memorial
Church at Stanford, and my suspicions were renewed.
It was with some trepidation that I actually came to Peninsula Bible Church.
I was invited by some of my friends whom I trusted because they were part
of the Young Life leadership group, but I was nervous about it. I even declined
the first few times I was invited because I was suspicious of what I was
being invited to. The people involved were sensitive enough to let my conscience
be finally formed by the truth rather than berate me for my bad thinking.
It took me a little while to finally believe that the Lord had the church
in mind even in the twentieth century. It had been a completely silly way
for me to think, but it was based on my own experience. I actually felt
that anyone who took organized church very seriously was probably not of
the Lord, and I had to overcome that.
That is what Paul is talking about here. There are some who can't act in
faith because even though you tell them the truth and they can tell it back
to you, it doesn't become internalized. So the issue again, if we are going
to be mutually edifying to one another, is to take seriously what is going
In this business of building the building, we are (a bit more than we would
like to admit) like the carpenter's apprentice who has been handed a saw
and a hammer and a nail and a square. We have even been taught how to use
them, but we don't really know enough. We still need the master Architect,
the one behind it who understands what is really happening. We still need
to check in. Just being given the facts about the tools is not enough to
know how to build into somebody else's life. We must take motivation as
seriously as action.
The Need for Endurance
Verses 1-6 of chapter 15:
We who are strong ought to bear with the failings of the weak
and not to please ourselves. Each of us should please his neighbor for his
good, to build him up. For even Christ did not please himself but, as it
is written: "The insults of those who insult you have fallen on me."
For everything that was written in the past was written to teach us, so
that through endurance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might
Being motivated rightly and doing what is right, knowing how to be a blessing
to other people and asking the right questions about what is going on inside,
have been the subjects of the last paragraph of Romans 14. What we are additionally
encountering now in this section is the matter of endurance. The calling
before us is to stay with it, to not expect people to get fixed as quickly
as we would like them to.
May the God who gives endurance and encouragement give you a spirit of unity
among yourselves as you follow Christ Jesus, so that with one heart and
mouth you may glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Living in unity is going to require the example of Christ, for one thing,
who endured insult after insult himself. All generations of human beings
have insulted the Lord of heaven and earth. And the wrath of God that would
have been deservedly aimed back against those who disobeyed and flouted
him was all laid on Christ. He endured it all. Further, the Scriptures,
we are told, are written so that we will be encouraged and will endure.
The long process of seeing a good, stable and worthy life built is the calling,
not just the house of straw or sticks that you can throw up in a minute.
Christian unity is hard work. Romans 15:1 speaks of the arena of endurance
that is before us: "We who are strong ought to bear with the failings
of the weak and not to please ourselves. Each of us should please his neighbor
for his good, to build him up."
This is the first time that Paul has referred to the strong. He has referred
frequently in chapter 14 to the weak, but he has not named anyone "strong"
until now. The argument until this point, throughout chapter 14, is that
both the weak and the relatively less weak have the same problem. They both
mistrust each other and they both lack in love. But now in chapter 15 Paul
is going to speak of those who are really strong. He means here not those
who are just strong in terms of doctrine, who understand what is possible
and having a clearer view of things. He means those who have maturity and
character and humility, who have learned to walk with the Lord and grow
wise in his ways.
The Ministry of the Strong
His statement here is that the strong ought to bear with the failings of
the weak, although our tendency is to want to please ourselves. Now, we
know that the gospel is very good news: It offers real liberty from slavery
and real companionship and friendship in the body of Christ. If you were
once lonely, knowing the Lord can give you home and family. If you were
once dominated by enslaving passions of some kind, you can be really free
from them. And it is marvelous to have all the benefits of the gospel apply
to you. Most of us became Christians because we saw that would be better
off if we were a Christian than if we weren't. So we began the Christian
life essentially selfishly, choosing what was to our advantage. That was
But in the long run we have to learn to live not to please ourselves, but
instead to live with some willingness to sacrifice for those who are weak.
And he means here not so much those who are weak in doctrine, who are still
struggling to know if they can have a glass of wine, eat a ham sandwich,
or keep company with certain kinds of people. He is talking about weakness
in a more profound sense here. This is about people who cannot get their
lives together. It is about people who have horrible habits of life, addictions,
or terrible backgrounds that return time and again to make them miserable.
It is about people who are hard to live with. They are demanding and frustrating,
and no amount of good intentions accomplish a quick fix. It is these people
whom the strong ought to bear with. They must not be more concerned to please
themselves, but instead be willing to let the building be built over the
We find that we need endurance in this. We need the encouragement of those
who have lived in other generations and have had to do the same thing. We
need the example of Christ who paid the ultimate price. That is because
our hope is not that things will be accomplished quickly. Verse 4 again:
"...that through endurance and the encouragement of the Scriptures
we might have hope."
Verses 5-6: "May the God who gives endurance and encouragement give
you a spirit of unity among yourselves as you follow Christ Jesus, so that
with one heart and mouth you may glorify the God and Father of our Lord
Jesus Christ." There is very important picture in this. If we are to
glorify God, we must do it together. You can't enter the glory of the gospel,
have its benefits for you, take all the singing lessons in the world, have
a taped orchestra behind you playing strings and horns and woodwinds and
percussions and beautiful melodies, and stand up and sing solo the praise
of God. It takes everybody. That is why the strong should bear with the
failings of the weak---they have to be in the choir, too. It is only with
one heart and one mouth, only when everybody has been really allowed in
and given opportunity to sing, that God can be really praised.
We can't grow past people; we are not in a race against one another. Everybody
is going to end up on the gold medal stand together; there will not be gold,
silver, bronze, and also-rans. Everybody will be on the same level, together
singing God's praise. So those who have more have to care for the others
so that we can all sing with one voice.
Accept One Another
Accept one another, then, just as Christ accepted you, in order
to bring praise to God.
That is a succinct statement of this whole section. If you want to boil
it down to one sentence, this is probably it. We are to accept one another---everybody
on all sides, every direction, 360 degrees, all possible people, each of
us reaching toward the other in acceptance---as Christ has accepted us.
The basis for it is that we have been treated mercifully by the Lord, and
we all relate to him on the same basis. Because he has accepted us, we accept
one another in order to bring praise to God. The great beauty of Christian
unity is not even that the believing people are praised for their unity,
but that ultimately God himself is praised.
For I tell you that Christ has become a servant of the Jews
on behalf of God's truth, to confirm the promises made to the patriarchs
so that the Gentiles may glorify God for his mercy, as it is written:
Paul does something interesting in summarizing four quotes from the Old
Testament, putting this in an ancient theological setting. He goes back
and looks at all that God has done. He says to the Jews who are in Rome
receiving this letter, "Christ became a servant of the Jews, but not
because you particular Jews in Rome were attractive or worthwhile or had
anything going for you. It is because he made promises to the patriarchs.
So you have the advantage of his ministry because he keeps his promises."
He says to the Gentiles, "Your experience of knowing God will result
in recognition of his mercy. You may glorify God for his mercy---you don't
deserve anything you have gotten, but a merciful God is going to include
you as well."
"Therefore I will praise you among the Gentiles;
I will sing hymns to your name."
Again, it says,
"Rejoice, O Gentiles, with his people."
"Praise the Lord, all you Gentiles,
and sing praises to him, all you peoples."
And again, Isaiah says,
"The Root of Jesse will spring up,
one who will arise to rule over the nations;
the Gentiles will hope in him."
May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace as you trust in him,
so that you may overflow with hope by the power of the Holy Spirit.
In It Together
Then he goes back and quotes from Psalms and Deuteronomy and finally Isaiah.
Verse 9: "Therefore I will praise you among the Gentiles; I will sing
hymns to your name." We can imagine a singer who knows God standing
in the midst of the Gentiles singing praise to God's name as they look on.
Verse 10: "Rejoice, O Gentiles, with his people." Now there are
two groups, and they are rejoicing together. Not a singer singing amidst
the Gentiles, but both Gentiles and Jews together are being allowed to sing.
Then in verse 11, "Praise the Lord, all you Gentiles, and sing praises
to him, all you peoples." The Gentiles are directly invited to sing
his praise, without reference to whether anybody else is singing or not.
They are being given more opportunity and freedom. Finally, the focus is
not on who is singing at all but on the one being sung to. The Root of Jesse
will spring up, the Messiah, the one who will arise to rule over the nations;
and the Gentiles will hope in him. The focus of the last quotation is not
the people but the one who is ruling all the nations, everybody equally
related to him.
So Paul is handing back responsibility to this church in Rome. Everybody
has to accept everybody else. The strong have to help the weak because the
very fact that they are strong means that they have more to give than the
weak do. It is going to require endurance and encouragement. The building
is going to go up under the Master's command, and it is going to be marvelous
to behold, but it is not going to be an easy thing. It's easy to love people
who are like you and people who are going to love you back. The hard part
is to love when it's demanding, when you are not sure you are going to get
anything back for it, when you don't understand why people are doing what
they are doing. It's hard to love people who come at life in a whole different
way than you do. And yet when the people of God learn to live this way,
the name of God is praised. We can be encouraged by the fact that God is
going to build that building and we can cooperate with him in it. I again
urge upon each of us the endurance and the long-haul effort so that what
is built is worthy, rather than settling for anything less.
Catalog No. 4358
February 27, 1993
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